For most applications, it is hard to go wrong with sandpaper grits in this range. 3. Sandpaper isn’t made of sand, of course, but rather it consists of fine particles from either natural or synthetic sources. It will make all the different, and for the extra 30 cents a sheet eliminate a lot of frustration. This will require a combination of power sanding and hand sanding to get in the tight corners and around balusters. I used 80-120 grit sandpaper in a variety of forms. Water-based polyurethanes dry faster between coats and are easier to work with. What to Know About Cutting Stair Stringers, How to Fix and Measure Pull Down Attic Stairs. After staining, all … Clean. Stain the treads. EdenProducts Heavy Duty Anti Slip Traction Tape, 4 Inch x 33 Foot Grip Tape Grit Non Slip, for Outdoor/Indoor, Non Skid Treads, High Traction Friction Abrasive Adhesive Stairs Step - Black 4.5 out of 5 stars 2,322 $17.95$17.95 $24.95$24.95 Get it as soon as Tue, Jul 28 Offering grip tape with grit surface in all colors and sizes. Step 4: After 24 hours check your stair treads. Grit coated stair treads provide slip resistance, durability, and a permanent anti-slip solution. Do not sand after the third coat. A final sanding with 150-grit paper is commonly recommended for wood surfaces that will be painted; it leaves a little texture, or tooth, to the wood surface for the paint to grip onto. The grit number of sandpaper is almost always clearly printed on the back of the sandpaper itself. Coarse-grit sandpaper is not recommendedย�for fine details or for edges and corners that you want to keep sharp. There are various standards that exist for ascertaining sandpaper grit size, but common standards include the Coated Abrasive Manufacturers Institute (CAMI) and the Federation of European Producers of Abrasives (FEPA).Regardless of which standard you use to measure, a general rule is that the lower the number … Coarser, or lower-number grit, sandpaper removes wood and other materials faster and with less effort than finer sandpaper. Apply the polyurethane slowly and evenly so as to avoid bubbles. Once the entire tread has been coated in polyurethane you will have to leave the tread to dry overnight. If the … Get the latest This Old House news, trusted tips, tricks, and DIY Smarts projects from our experts–straight to your inbox. Sand. It can also take off enough wood to shape and round edges. Many finer grits are used for wet sanding, which creates a fine, gritty slurry that complements the sandpaper's efforts at smoothing. I used my 100 grit sandpaper on the bottom stair and realized that it wasn’t coarse enough. Sand each stair with 120-grit sandpaper so that the surface is flat and smooth. Or, you can preserve fine materials by letting up on the pressure. Inspecting previous paint job. Need to update your bathroom sink faucet? Sand with the grain along the length of each tread being careful not to bump the sander into the walls. Allow it to sit for about 15 minutes and then remove any excess conditioner using a lint-free cloth. As a result, choosing the right sandpaper grits and using them correctly is something of an art form. To do this, Nathan used a variety of tools, including a Rotex 150 multi-mode sander for the majority of the tread, a scraper for the corner of the stairs, and a Sanding Mouse Hook and Loop Sanding Block for around the balusters and the nosing of the tread. Start by sanding down the treads to bare wood with the 80 grit sandpaper. A ½ sheet or ¼ sheet finish sander can be used in lieu of a random orbital, but it is important to move the sander along the grain and not across it. For example, #24- or #40-grit sandpaper is a very coarse, rough sandpaper, while the #1,000-grit paper is extremely fine with very small abrasive particles. While you can find many differently graded sandpapers available, most sanding projects call for papers in the following grit ranges: Sandpaper grit in these low numbers cuts through the old paint and rough edges with ease. Ultra-fine; helps achieve a nearly glass-smooth texture. This will require a … Apply a coat of polyurethane to the treads using a paintbrush. For whatever type of projects you work on, it is always beneficial to have medium-grit sandpaper on hand. I really like the foam sanding blocks, but sometimes I just used strips of sandpaper. Sand. It … Clean again. Watch this DIY Smarts as Ask This Old House plumbing and heating expert Richard Trethewey demonstrates how to replace a bathroom faucet. 200 matches. Round any rough edges. Take a leap of faith and try a $20 template for the project. Extremely coarse; best for removing large amounts of wood and rounding off corners. Allow the stain to dry for 12 hours. 1. You will also want a face mask to minimize the amount of fumes youll be breathing in. Step 6 - Stain Oak Stair Treads Start sanding slowly and gently onto the center of the staircase. Hammer the nail until flush … Make sure during this process you smooth out … Once you’ve successfully removed the finish and have gotten to bare wood using the 80 grit, repeat the process using 120 grit sand paper. Always sand parallel to the grain. He sands as much of the surface area as the random-orbital sander will reach, and then switches to hand sanding using a sanding block equipped with sand paper. Step 5 - Sand Oak Stair Treads. 2. Bare wood that will be stained usually should not be sanded with higher than 220-grit paper. Too fine and the wood won’t be able to accept the stain. Sandpaper grit is sized by a gauge number, with lower numbers signifying larger, coarser grits. Once the polyurethane has dried take a hand sander and using 220 grit sandpaper smooth out the surface of the tread. Here’s what you need to know about choosing, installing, and living with a tankless water heater. Time for some measuring and cutting. Vacuum and wipe down with a tack cloth. All that would do is burn up sheets of paper, and leave a poor finish. Treat the wood. Nathan Gilbert helps a homeowner turn a reclaimed beam into a fireplace mantel; Richard Trethewey shows how to change a bathroom faucet; Ross Trethewey explores innovations to geothermal installations. So we need to sand, in the direction of the grain all edges, ends and faces to 180 grit.. if its maple I'd probably aim for 220. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. With the cutting complete you can now make the final adjustment with a sander and a piece of sandpaper. The wood conditioner will ensure that the stain penetrates the wood evenly. To refinish stair treads, the old finish will need to be completely sanded off. The renovation stair treads are a quick and economical alternative to new construction and provide a safe, non-slip surface. Apply the Finish. When power sanding, Nathan uses a random-orbital sander equipped with a dust extractor. Also, sanding wood with too-fine paper, or sanding too much, can actually burnish or create a shine to the surface. Allow the … The particles (also known as grains or grit) are sifted through screens and sorted by size before being bonded with adhesive to a paper, sponge, or cloth-type backing to create an abrasive material that’s handy in a number of do-it-yourself situations. Tired of running out of hot water? Then, lightly hand-sand the surfaces with 180-grit sandpaper. Be sure all of the previous finish is removed, otherwise the stain will not absorb properly. But the coarse sandpaper also leaves deep scratches. Make sure the sandpaper is properly attached with the wood sander. Call our dedicated professionals today at: (800) 822-4003 or fax us at (717) 337-0732 and start saving. It has a finish that is almost as smooth as glass. Rather, the number scale refers to the number of holes per square inch in the screens that are used when sieving the abrasive grains during the sandpaper's manufacture. Large grit makes a good sandpaper for metal and is used in applications such as: Smoothing workpieces; Removing scratches; Final preparation for finishing Grit numbers from 180 to 320 work for finishing. Wipe away the sanding dust and apply a second coat of polyurethane. Allow the polyurethane to dry for a few hours. There are many varieties of sandpaper, with variations in the paper or backing, the material used for the grit, grit size, and the bond. While a… Get it free when you sign up for our newsletter. The mostย�often-used gauge of sandpaper grit is in the medium range. Maintain the same process for each stair and avoid bumping into … The sanding block can be found online. Using soft grits like sand, quartz or crushed glass presents the added problem that the grit breaks and crushes and becomes useless. 7. It's All About the 'Critical Edge' So, the leading edge of the tread does all the work as far as anti-slip goes, and the rest of the tread does very little as we walk down stairs. Apply the stain liberally using a brush, lint-free cloth or staining pad, and then wipe the tread down using a lint-free cloth to remove any excess stain. Once the first coat of polyurethane is dry, sand it lightly by hand with 220 grit sand paper. Sandpaper has a variety of uses in home repair activities but is most often used to clean and smooth wood or metal in preparation for finishing or painting. The finer the paper, the smoother the surface. Start by placing drop cloths over the furniture and nearby structures to protect them from sanding dust, paint, and varnish. A random orbital sander will make the quickest work of this step. And don't cheap out on the sandpaper. Too rough and the wood will be very dark almost to the point of being black. Wrap a piece of 60 grit sandpaper around a sanding block to smooth the round surface of the tread and remove the finish. Switch to 120-grit for the final pre-stain sanding. The old farmhouse had dark rooms, dead ends, and no place to park the kids' boots. Here’s how to select or build kitchen pantry shelving that works for you. So, what’s the right grit? A lot of folks make the mistake of sanding to either too fine of a grit or not fine enough before applying stain. Check out the video series on Refinishing Wood Stairs. Ultra-fine sandpaper grit is used to achieve another level of smoothness on all types of materials. That’s not a problem with one of these compact, ultra-efficient units that heat water as you need it. Sand, then repeat two more times. RELATED: 9 Clever Alternative Uses for Sandpaper Distinguishing … Sandpaper grits are categorized according to the coarseness of the abrasive particles used. On a painted surface, you can stop at a lower grit such as 220 or 240. Stair Treads & Nosings Material: Aluminum, Abrasive Grit Color: Photoluminescent, Black Width: 3 inch Tread: Ribbed Abrasive Installation: Extruded Anchor Certification: UL … Nathan suggests using a scraper in the corners if the old finish won’t come off. ... And a lot of sanding to do. You do not need overly course paper, an 80 grit will do fine. Cut or break off any splinters with a chisel. Backing. For example, #24- or #40-grit sandpaper is a very coarse, rough sandpaper, while the #1,000-grit paper is extremely fine with very small abrasive particles. Sand again. 4. Medium grit; good for general purpose sanding. In general, the process of preparing any surface for painting or finishing involves sanding with progressively finer grits until you reach the desired level of smoothness. Be sure to sand with the grain when sanding by hand. Grit numbers range from #24 all the way up to #1,000 although most people will never use grits at the top or bottom of this scale. For the initial sanding, or to remove old finish if you're refinishing the stairs, use 80-grit to smooth the hardwood. video for S19 E9: Reclaimed Wood Mantel, Geothermal Installation, Tankless Water Heater: What You Need to Know Before You Buy. Also, be very careful using this on veneer plywood since the thin face layers are easy to sand through. At this time, you will also want to change into work clothes and put on a rubber gloves so none of these chemicals can ruin your clothes, or get on your skin. Sandpaper Grits: Moving From Coarse to Fine, How to Remove Super Glue From Around the Home, Tips for Sanding a Wood Deck Before Refinishing, How to Remove Permanent Marker Stains From Wood, How to Achieve Smooth Results When Painting Wood, How to Clean Glue and Adhesive Stains From Furniture, Solid Surface Countertop Basics to Know Before You Buy, How to Refurbish Particleboard Furniture With Paint, Drywall Screws: What to Know Before You Buy. A belt sander is not recommended here; it is too aggressive for this work. Examine each tread for any nails protruding above the stair's surface. Copyright © 2020 This Old House Ventures, LLC. Fine; used to roughen surfaces for painting or as a first passthrough for later sanding with ultra-fine grits. This step will ensure that dust and foreign debris like dirt won’t get trapped between the sand paper and treads. Sandpaper grit is sized by a gauge number, with lower numbers signifying larger, coarser grits. The concern here is that if you switch to a fine paper too soon, you'll spend a lot of time sanding to get the results you want. Vacuum the treads thoroughly and then wipe them down again using a tack cloth. Apply using a brush, rag, or pad. Sanding over dust and dirt can create tiny scratches that will show through once the final finish is added. Scrape off the adhesive with a metal paint scraper or putty knife, and deposit it in a bag or bucket … Today, most sandpaper consists of cloth or paper backing material impregnated with abrasive particles such as aluminum oxide or silicon carbide. Grit numbers from 100 to 180 perform well with both hand-sanding and power-sanding, preparing bare surfaces for finishes. Take the 60-grit sandpaper and attach it with the circular flood sander. I happened to notice small little wood fibers sticking up on my treads—kinda resembled peach fuzz. The familiar home improvement product known as sandpaper isn't sand and it often isn't paper, either. 8. In this edition of DIY Smarts, Ask This Old House carpenter Nathan Gilbert demonstrates how to refinish stair treads. Sometimes, fine-grit sandpaper is used to roughen glossy paint in preparation for applying another coat. Using a belt sander start with 60 grit sandpaper. For example, in 60-grit sandpaper, the abrasive particles used in the paper were sieved through a screen that had 60 holes per square inch. Spackling the holes on the side was an instant improvement, but I still had to sand all that paint off the stair treads and fill in the holes in the wood. 5. #320 grit sandpaper is even used as one of the first grits when sanding down solid surface countertops. In addition to paper, backing for sandpaper includes cloth (cotton, polyester, rayon), PET film, and "fibre", or rubber.Cloth backing is used for sandpaper discs and belts, while mylar is used as backing for extremely fine grits. This is usually the cause of the wood absorbing water from the stain. All rights reserved. Compare prices & save money on Flooring Supplies. ($16.04 - $119.00) Find great deals on the latest styles of Grit stair treads. Then, begin carefully sanding the old finish with 60-grit sandpaper. Vacuum between passes, then wipe down the treads with a tack cloth. Steady Treads Clear Anti-Slip for Stair Steps - 24 x 4 inch Adhesive Grit Tape with Pressure Roller (15 Count) If you wish to change the color of the tread, apply a wood conditioner first, and then an oil-based stain using a cotton cloth. Ready to refinish those tired old stairs? video for How to Replace a Bathroom Faucet. You could go from 400, 500, and 600 grit if you choose. Tip: Do this process at night, or consider doing every-other tread so that the stairs can be used throughout the finishing process. It's often thought that the grit number refers to the number of grit particles per square inch. With wood, ultra-fine grits usually are reserved for smoothing painted surfaces between coats. (If you don’t want to stain the wood, skip to Step 7). Sanding with sandpaper that is too fine will require a lot of sanding and effort to get to the desired results. Great for homes and business for added safety. Fiberglass step covers and panels are lightweight and ideal for use on structurally sound steps. Fine or ultra-fine sandpaper grits are used for furniture work. To remove the dust, Nathan used a HEPA Dust Extractor with a brush attachment by Festool and a tack cloth, which can be found at home centers. This grit is generally used for bare wood surfaces. Seldom used on the first run-through, unless the surface is already smooth to the touch, fine-grit sandpaper in this range is typically forย�second or third sandings. By now I was mentally kicking myself for not buying the 80 or 60 grit paper when I was at Lowes. Before sanding stair treads you need to strip off all the old paint from … Not so. Start by sanding down the treads to bare wood with the 80 grit sandpaper. The trick, then, is to start with the highest grit (coarsest sandpaper) that will meet your needs relatively quickly, then move up to progressively higher grits (smoother papers) as the surface gets closer to the finished productโ€”and to stop when it's smooth enough for your liking. At the other end of the spectrum, very fine sandpaper removes a tiny amount of material, with the effect of smoothing the surface. Don’t wipe the treads down with a wet rag as this will raise the grain. Go to your local automotive supply house and buy good automotive sandpaper. Excessively sanded wood can create a blotchy appearance when stained and finished. A good quality water-based polyurethane is recommended in lieu of oil-based. Lee has over two decades of hands-on experience remodeling, fixing, and improving homes, and has been providing home improvement advice for over 12 years. Se habla Español - Preguntar por Yesenia Stripping Old Paint or Stain Apply a chemical stripper for stairs with thick paint or heavy stain. Learn how to strip and sand your wood floors. You need to hit a sweet spot that's neither too coarse nor too fine. To use sandpaper properly, you must know how to choose the right sandpaper grit. After removing the balusters and sanding the stringers down I thought I was ready to start sanding the treads. Here's how an inventive redo made an 1830s artifact just right for a 21st-century household, S19 E9: Reclaimed Wood Mantel, Geothermal Installation. Aggressive scratching is desired when you want to remove much material or to create a rounded edge, or to remove old paint or blemishes. After staining, use 120-grit to smooth off the raised grain caused by the staining process. Refinishing your treads starts with a rough sanding. What you are doing is smoothing out the oak stair treads as well as bringing the final dimensions to the plank. It does this by cutting the fibers on the material's surface. Manufactured with the same material as our bar and full abrasive stair treads, Nystrom's renovation treads are designed for restoration of all stair types. Apply the polyurethane using a good quality brush, starting in one corner and working across the tread, with the grain. This produces overworked areas that can hinder the absorption of stains and other finishes. You can work down difficult materials by applying more pressure to your workpiece. Vacuum the dust and wipe each step with a tack cloth. All you need is a light sanding with a 220 grit block sander and you should have a smooth surface again. Repeat steps 7 and 8 until you have three coats total. 400 grit is great for stained surfaces. Rough sand treads. Use sandpaper that is too coarse, and the surface will be too rough to paint or finish smoothly, or you may sand away fine detail on a furniture piece. A sandpaper's grit refers to the size of the abrasive materials on the paper. Whether you're a beginner or you're a regular do-it-yourselfer, our checklist will take yourย�paintย�job from "good" to "amazing." 6. Fast shipping and discount prices on All Stair Treads.com. To apply a new finish, Nathan used a regular paintbrush and a water based polyurethane by Rust-Oleum. Sand the stair treads thoroughly by hand, using 80-grit sandpaper on a hand block. To clean simple sweep to loosen and remove dirt, then clean using a general purpose industrial floor cleaner. Thoroughly by hand, using 80-grit sandpaper on hand by sanding down the treads a. The desired results to roughen glossy paint in preparation for applying another coat you stop... Projects you work on, it is always beneficial to have medium-grit sandpaper on the stair..., trusted tips, tricks, and DIY Smarts projects from our experts–straight your! On hand or, you can work down difficult materials by letting up my... Select or build kitchen pantry shelving that works for you with abrasive particles such as 220 or 240 the surface! A piece of 60 grit paper when I was Ready to refinish tired! Use on structurally sound steps using them correctly is something of an art form: do this you! Such as 220 or 240 heat water as you need to Know about cutting stair stringers, how to and... Down Attic stairs a paintbrush most applications, it is always beneficial to have medium-grit sandpaper on hand a... Not recommendedย�for fine details or for edges and corners that you want to sharp. In lieu of oil-based starting in one corner and working across the tread stop at a lower grit as. Step covers and panels are lightweight and ideal for use on structurally sound steps tip: do this you! Absorbing water from the stain penetrates the wood won ’ t be able to the. Down the treads to bare wood that will show through once the first grits sanding! Wood conditioner will ensure that dust and foreign debris like dirt won’t get trapped between the sand.! 15 minutes and then remove any excess conditioner using a general purpose industrial floor what grit sandpaper for stair treads a! About choosing, installing, and no place to park the kids ' boots on all types of materials to. By sanding down solid surface countertops your local automotive supply House and good!, skip to step 7 ) after staining, use 120-grit to smooth off the raised grain by. My 100 grit sandpaper according to the point of being black a random sander... Sanding blocks, but sometimes I just used strips of sandpaper of black. Furniture work Before you buy take off enough wood to shape and round edges number of.. Best for removing large amounts of wood and other materials faster and less. Used to achieve another level of smoothness on all stair Treads.com can hinder the absorption of stains and materials. You need to Know Before you buy t coarse enough you want to stain the wood, skip step. Vacuum between passes, then clean using a tack cloth to smooth off the raised grain by. The sander into the walls doing is smoothing out the video series these compact, ultra-efficient units heat. Watch this DIY Smarts, Ask this old House carpenter Nathan Gilbert demonstrates how to the. Different, and 600 grit if you choose now I was mentally kicking myself for not the... Can create tiny scratches that will be very careful using this on veneer plywood since the thin face layers easy... 320 grit sandpaper sandpaper itself for the extra 30 cents a sheet eliminate a lot of.! Ready to refinish stair treads are a quick and economical alternative to new and! Dark almost to the treads using a lint-free cloth right sandpaper grits and using grit! Shelving that works for you conditioner using a tack cloth 2020 this old House carpenter Nathan demonstrates! Go to your local automotive supply House and buy good automotive sandpaper will do fine material impregnated with particles. And wipe each step with a sander and a piece of sandpaper do this process you out! Heat water as you need to be completely sanded off absorbing water from the stain will absorb... 24 hours check your stair treads the stringers down I thought I was Ready to start slowly! Staining, all … Examine each tread for any nails protruding above the stair 's surface coat polyurethane... To the size of the first grits when sanding down the treads thoroughly by with... Appearance when stained and finished Smarts as Ask this old House news, trusted tips, tricks and. Automotive sandpaper fast shipping and discount prices on all types of materials require a combination of power,. Or break off any splinters with a tack cloth surfaces for finishes peach fuzz particles used the plank grain sanding. You must Know how to replace a bathroom faucet avoid bubbles from 400,,... Have a smooth surface again to bare wood with the cutting complete you can work down materials... And realized that it wasn ’ t coarse enough and 600 grit you... Treads as well as bringing the final finish is removed, otherwise the penetrates! 16.04 - $ 119.00 ) Find great deals on the latest this old House,... Round surface of the tread the corners if the old finish won’t come off can take... Installation, Tankless water Heater: what you need it both hand-sanding and power-sanding, preparing bare surfaces for or! Repeat steps 7 and 8 until you have three coats total aggressive for this work to loosen and remove finish! Will be very dark almost to the coarseness of the first grits when sanding by.. And 600 grit if you choose overly course paper, an 80 grit sandpaper on hand polyurethane dry! Should not be sanded with higher than 220-grit paper sanding blocks, sometimes. To bare wood with too-fine paper, the old finish won’t come off sanded wood can a! A good quality water-based polyurethane is dry, sand it lightly by hand, using 80-grit on. To bare wood with too-fine paper, either finishing process wipe them down again using general... Finer the paper, an 80 grit sandpaper in a variety of forms oxide silicon. Consider doing every-other tread so that the what grit sandpaper for stair treads will not absorb properly a dust....