Quotation from Psalms 110:1 . "The sun is never seen without effulgence, nor the Father without the Son" [THEOPHYLACT]. In this, Jesus is superior to the *angels. Hebrews 1:8 "But unto the Son [he saith], Thy throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: a scepter of righteousness [is] the scepter of thy kingdom." In the Psalms 104:3 Psalms 104:4 , the subject in each clause comes first, and the attribute predicated of it second; so the Greek article here marks "angels" and "ministers" as the subjects, and "winds" and "flame of fire," predicates, Schemoth Rabba says, "God is called God of Zebaoth (the heavenly hosts), because He does what He pleases with His angels. for ever . 1. Lesson 1: God Has Spoken (Hebrews 1:1-2a) Lesson 2: The Supremacy of the Son (Hebrews 1:2b-3) Lesson 3: The Son’s Supremacy over Angels (Hebrews 1:4-14) Lesson 4: The Danger of Drifting Spiritually (Hebrews 2:1-4) Lesson 5: Our Glorious Destiny in Christ (Hebrews 2:5-9) Lesson 6: Why Jesus’ Death Was Fitting (Hebrews 2:10) Lesson 7: Jesus Our Brother and Savior (Hebrews … Chapter 11. This passage of the Septuagint may have been in Paul's mind as to the form, but the substance is taken from Psalms 97:7 . 1. They "all," how ever various their ranks, "minister"; He is ministered to. They "stand" ( Luke 1:19 ) before God, or are "sent forth" to execute the divine commands on behalf of them whom He pleases to save; He "sits on the right hand of the Majesty on high" ( Hebrews 1:3 Hebrews 1:13 ). in the beginning--English Version, Psalms 102:25 , "of old": Hebrew, "before," "aforetime." thy God--JEROME, AUGUSTINE, and others translate Psalms 45:7 , "O God, Thy God, hath anointed thee," whereby Christ is addressed as God. Commentary on Hebrews 1:4-14 (Read Hebrews 1:4-14) Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. 4. He is "heir of all things" by right of creation, and especially by right of redemption. When Jesus came into this world, he became for a little time lower than the *angels. As "spirits" implies the wind-like velocity and subtle nature of the cherubim, so "flame of fire" expresses the burning devotion and intense all-consuming zeal of the adoring seraphim (meaning "burning), Isaiah 6:1 . Scripture Hebrews 1 Sort Bible Verse. [ a] But you are ( V)the same, and your years will have no end.”. when Thou hast ransomed and opened heaven to Thy people. Heb 1:1-14.T HE H IGHEST OF A LL R EVELATIONS I S G IVEN U S N OW IN THE S ON OF G OD, W HO I S G REATER THAN THE A NGELS, AND W HO, H AVING C OMPLETED R EDEMPTION, S ITS E NTHRONED AT G OD'S R IGHT H AND.. The Old Testament revelations were fragmentary in substance, and manifold in form; the very multitude of prophets shows that they prophesied only in part. 47a, Hebrews 1-8 (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Thomas Nelson, 1991), lxvii. Being made . In the Greek, "again" is transposed; but this does not oblige us, as ALFORD thinks, to translate, "when He again shall have introduced," &c. namely, at Christ's second coming; for there is no previous mention of a first bringing in; and "again" is often used in quotations, not to be joined with the verb, but parenthetically ("that I may again quote Scripture"). Hebrews 1:1-14. CONSIDER JESUS OUR GREAT HIGH PRIEST Click chart to enlarge Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission. Background of the Book. 3. Who being--by pre-existent and essential being. O God--the Greek has the article to mark emphasis ( Psalms 45:6 Psalms 45:7 ). Angels are sent forth on ministrations to God and Christ, not primarily to men, though for the good of "those who are about to inherit salvation" (so the Greek): the elect, who believe, or shall believe, for whom all things, angels included, work together for good ( Romans 8:28 ). (4-14). There are many other ways that angels minister to the people of God, but the key point is that our Lord uses these beings for our benefit. For--substantiating His having "obtained a more excellent name than the angels." God ruled the theocracy in and through Him. CONSIDER JESUS OUR GREAT HIGH PRIEST Click chart to enlarge Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Hebrews - Charles Swindoll - Chart on right . 10. English Version is correct (compare Matthew 5:33 ; Greek, John 12:39 ). . In beholding the power, wisdom, and goodness of the Lord Jesus Christ, we behold the power, wisdom, and goodness of the Father, John 14:7; the fulness of the Godhead dwells, not typically, or in a figure, but really, in him. brightness of his glory--Greek, the effulgence of His glory. Proud member As God (the Father) is introduced as having spoken here; so God the Son, Hebrews 2:3 ; God the Holy Ghost, Hebrews 3:7 . Commentary Part I, Chapters 1-9 HEBREWS IVP New Testament Commentary Series. The gospel revelation is excellent above the former; in that it is a revelation which God has made by his Son. . Thus it was necessary that the apostle should insist, not only on Christ's being the Creator of all things, and therefore of angels themselves, but as being the risen and exalted Messiah in human nature, to whom angels, authorities, and powers are made subject. Thus it was necessary that the apostle should insist, not only on … All Rights Reserved. The second lesson for today reminds us, however — as does the Gospel text — that the nativity is set within a larger story of mind-boggling scope. Only as Man he has his fellows, and as anointed with the Holy Spirit; but he is above all prophets, priests, and kings, that ever were employed in the service of God on earth. All appellations are but fragments of its glory beams united in it as in a central sun, Revelation 19:12 . What does Hebrews 1:1 mean? But they shall be made his footstool, by humble submission, or by utter destruction. Hebrews 1 – A Superior Savior A. Jesus, the superior Savior. One is hard-pressed to find a verse-by-verse commentary on the Book of Hebrews from a Torah perspective. They looked upon them as mediators between God and men, and some went so far as to pay them a kind of religious homage or worship. The manifestations of God by angels (and even by the angel of the covenant) at different times in the Old Testament, did not bring man and God into personal union, as the manifestation of God in human flesh does. This is the only New Testament book which we don’t know the author of. The promise to Abraham that he should be heir of the world had its fulfilment, and will have it still more fully, in Christ ( Romans 4:13 , Galatians 3:16 , 4:7 ). Apr 4, 1996. express image--"impress." fold them up--So the Septuagint, Psalms 102:26 ; but the Hebrew, "change them." (1-3) And in his superiority to all the holy angels. 1 In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom also he made the universe. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] Hebrews begins with a reference to God's communication with mankind. The writer, though not inscribing his name, was well known to those addressed ().For proofs of Paul being the author, see … The Epistle to the Hebrews. Another passage of Scripture, Psalm 12:25-27, is recited, in which the Almighty power of the Lord Jesus Christ is declared, both in creating the world and in changing it. Chapter 7. A name that no than knew but He Himself.". Volume 1 covers Hebrews chapters 1-8. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. 12:6, 8; Joel 2:28 in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, 2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; 3 # John 1:14 who being the brightness of His glory and the express # 2 Cor. thou art the same--( Isaiah 46:4 , Malachi 3:6 ). "Who is so senseless as to doubt concerning the eternal being of the Son? The angels minister to them in opposing the malice and power of evil spirits, in protecting and keeping their bodies, instructing and comforting their souls, under Christ and the Holy Ghost. as . The Jews of former days ( 1 Corinthians 10:1 ). Angels' ministrations are not properly rendered to men, since the latter have no power of commanding them, though their ministrations to God are often directed to the good of men. He is "the Son of God" is a sense far exalted above that in which angels are called "sons of God" ( Job 1:6 , 38:7 ). 14. ministering spirits--referring to Hebrews 1:7 , "spirits . a sceptre of righteousness--literally, "a rod of rectitude," or "straightforwardness." 1 In many and various ways God spoke of old to our fathers by the prophets; 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by [his] Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. the fathers--the Jewish fathers. "At the last part of these days." INSTRUCTION Hebrews 1-10:18: EXHORTATION Hebrews 10:19-13:25: Superior Person of Christ Hebrews 1:1-4:13: Superior Priest in Christ Hebrews … He Sat Down at the … sent forth--present participle: "being sent forth" continually, as their regular service in all ages. "Christ is preached even in passages where many might contend that the Father was principally intended" [BENGEL]. The communication of the divine essence in its fulness, involves eternal generation; for the divine essence has no beginning. Chapter 5. 13. 9. of They could not show us God as Jesus has done. They looked upon them as mediators between God and men, and some went so far as to pay them a kind of religious homage or worship. Some oldest manuscripts read, "lawlessness." . Hebrews 1. So David, His type, was first anointed at Bethlehem ( 1 Samuel 16:13 , Psalms 89:20 ); and yet again at Hebron, first over Judah ( 2 Samuel 2:4 ), then over all Israel ( 2 Samuel 5:3 ); not till the death of Saul did he enter on his actual kingdom; as it was not till after Christ's death that the Father set Him at His right hand far above all principalities ( Ephesians 1:20 Ephesians 1:21 ). The "I" in Greek is emphatic; I the Everlasting Father have begotten Thee this day, that is, on this day, the day of Thy being manifested as My Son, "the first-begotten of the dead" ( Colossians 1:18 , Revelation 1:5 ). The true "Prophet" of God. Each only knew in part; but when that which was perfect came in Messiah, that which was in part was done away ( 1 Corinthians 13:12 ). First, In creating the world (Hebrews 1:10): And thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the work of thy hands. There have many attempts to deduce the author of this book, yet nothing definitive. unto which--A frequent argument in this Epistle is derived from the silence of Scripture ( Hebrews 1:13 , Hebrews 2:16 , Hebrews 7:3 Hebrews 7:14 ) [BENGEL]. He spoke many times and in many different ways. Chapter 13. Thus He is antitype to Solomon, "chosen of all David's many sons to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel," even as His father David was chosen before all the house of his father's sons. Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. The Lord Christ had the original right to govern the world, because he made the world in the beginning. A fuller accomplishment is yet to be, when He shall be VISIBLY the anointed King over the whole earth (set by the Father) on His holy hill of Zion, Psalms 2:6 Psalms 2:8 . Hebrews 1:1-14 . works of thine hands--the heavens, as a woven veil or curtain spread out. The forty-fifth Psalm in its first meaning was addressed to Solomon; but the Holy Spirit inspired the writer to use language which in its fulness can only apply to the antitypical Solomon, the true Royal Head of the theocracy. )," is plainly wrong. (1-2a) Jesus brought a revelation superior to the prophets of old. It celebrates the birth of the baby Jesus. THE HIGHEST OF ALL REVELATIONS IS GIVEN US NOW IN THE SON OF GOD, WHO IS GREATER THAN THE ANGELS, AND WHO, HAVING COMPLETED REDEMPTION, SITS ENTHRONED AT GOD'S RIGHT HAND. Chapter 4. 6. But the context refers to a definite point of time, namely, that of His having entered on the inheritance ( Hebrews 1:4 ). . International Bible Lesson Commentary Hebrews 1:1-9 (Hebrews 1:1) In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways, The heavens declare the glory of God without words (see Psalm 19). whom "He is not ashamed to call His brethren," but above the angels, fellow partakers in part with Him, though infinitely His inferiors, in the glories, holiness, and joys of heaven; "sons of God," and angel "messengers," though subordinate to the divine Angel--"Messenger of the covenant"). They are incorporeal spirits, as God is, but ministering to Him as inferiors. Let the thoughts of this make us watchful, diligent, and desirous of that better world. John Piper Mar 31, 1996 361 Shares Sermon. In the beginning, God made the whole world and everything that there is. a. It is because He is the brightness, &c., and because He upholds, &c., that He sat down on the right hand, &c. It was a return to His divine glory ( John 6:62 , 17:5 ; compare Wisdom 7:25,26, where similar things are said of wisdom). . Hebrews 1 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, produced by John Wesley between 1754 and 1765, has stood the test of time. So it shall be after the perishing by fire ( 2 Peter 3:12 2 Peter 3:13 ). the world--subject to Christ ( Hebrews 2:5 ). "The fulness of the glory of the peculiar name "the Son of God," is unattainable by human speech or thought. THE BOOK OF HEBREWS (Hebrews 1:1-2:18) CHRIST IS BETTER THAN ANGELS; CHRIST IS PREFERRED ABOVE ANGELS; BOTH IN PERSON AND IN OFFICE. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. He Made Purification of Sins Maundy Thursday. They have never become sons of God. 6 William L. Lane, Word Biblical Commentary Vol. shall not fail--Hebrew, "shall not end." in divers manners--for example, internal suggestions, audible voices, the Urim and Thummim, dreams, and visions. by Ray C. Stedman. For proofs of Paul being the author, see my Introduction. The Spirit, by Paul, treats the Hebrew of the Old Testament, with independence of handling, presenting the divine truth in various aspects; sometimes as here sanctioning the Septuagint (compare Isaiah 34:4 , Revelation 6:14 ); sometimes the Hebrew; sometimes varying from both. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Hebrews. 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I, Chapters 1-9 Hebrews IVP New Testament book which we don’t know the author of book!